(Released, Cultural Center of the Philippines)
FOR their significant contribution to the development of Philippine arts and culture, seven Filipinos were bestowed the highest honor given to our artists.
Visual artist Lauro “Larry” Alcala, theater advocate Amelia Lapeña Bonifacio, music master Raymund “Ryan” Cayabyab, filmmaker Kidlat Tahimik, architect Francisco Mañosa, and literary writers Resil Mojares and Ramon Muzones were conferred as National Artists by President Rodrigo Duterte last October 24 at Rizal Ceremonial Hall of Malacañan Palace.
Know more about these exemplary individuals:
Larry Alcala, National Artist for Visual Arts
Throughout his 56 years of cartooning, the late Larry Alcala utilized his comic strips to spice up the Filipino lives with witty illustrations, featuring over 500 characters in about 20 comic strips serialized in various publications.
His iconic work Slice of Life, which had been circulated for decades, helped his avid readers and followers to find their sense of self amid the not-so-good environment and situations Filipinos experience. He also made two murals, and inspired the production of six motion pictures based on his cartoon creations.
“The cartoon is meant to entertain, record events and capture local color. It is also a self-correcting medium because it can humorously expose society’s ills and serve as a mirror in which people can see themselves. It can also project the best in a people and a country,” Alcala once remarked. His wife Guadalupe received the posthumous award.
Amelia Lapeña Bonifacio, National Artist for Theater
Lapeña-Bonifacio established the Teatrong Mulat ng Pilipinas, which helped place the Philippines on the world theater map. Drawing upon the untapped wealth of Philippine and Asian folklore and experimenting with various forms and techniques of Asian theater arts and puppetry, she enriched the Philippine cultural heritage in drama.
She wrote plays based on materials culled from painstaking researches, and had been involved in the production and design of puppets. She was instrumental in the surge of children's theater in the Philippines, through the magic of puppetry.
She successfully synthesized a myriad of rich puppet traditions from Southeast Asia, earning for herself the title "Grand Dame of Southeast Asian Children’s Theater."
Ryan Cayabyab, National Artist for Music
Cayabyab’s diverse compositions, which exhibit both mastery of composition technique and spontaneity, has made a great impact in the Philippine music industry.
His music reflects the exuberance of life and human happiness, thus capturing the very essence of our Filipino soul. It embodies the Filipino values and social experiences. His learned, skillful, and versatile musical style spans a wide range of genres: from conservatory or art compositions such as concert religious music, symphonic work, art song, opera, and concerto to mainstream popular idioms in the music industry and in live contemporary multimedia shows (musical theater, dance, and film).
Mr. C, as he is fondly called, is distinctively a cosmopolitan nationalist. He is open to foreign influences but transforms these into expressions that are near to his experience as an urbanized Filipino. All throughout his career, he never effaced his Filipino identity as he confronted the constant threat of making the Philippines a market for global expressions.
Kidlat Tahimik, National Artist for Film
Tahimik strongly believes that the films and the filmmaker are one. He has continually invented himself through his cinema, and so his cinema is as singular as the man. His mode of making the film exhibited his intense independence as an artist and, at the same time, the film itself called for Filipinos to actively live out their independence and not allow their culture to be imperialized by the west.
His debut film, Mababangong Bangungot (1977), was praised by critics and filmmakers from Europe, North America, Asia, and Africa and is still considered by many as a pioneering postcolonial essay film. This “imperfect” film is an exemplar of what is worldwide known as “Third Cinema,” a cinema that is critical of neocolonial exploitation and state oppression.
But, unlike other Third Cinema films, Kidlat’s work does not glory in ugliness. His films, even those that lament injustice and violence, are premised on the hope of possible, though yet unrealized, triumph. His constant claim is that whatever “progress” has relegated to the realm of sadness and poverty should never remain self-referentially sad or poor.
Francisco Mañosa, National Artist for Architecture
In his more than 60 years of architecture life, Mañosa designed Filipino. From the 1960s until his retirement in 2015, he courageously and passionately created original Filipino forms, spaces with intricate and refined details.
At the heart and soul of a Philippine architectural movement, he intensively studied, mastered and interpreted many Filipino visual imageries. He passionately and painstakingly developed the use of indigenous materials, bamboo, coconut, rattan, capiz, and various kinds of inlay and applied all these into first class architectural finishes, furniture and furnishings.
Mañosa championed that Philippine architecture must be “true to itself, its land and its people” with such directness and conviction. Undaunted, Mañosa coined “Filipinism” as his style. This is quite evident in the buildings he designed, including the Tahanang Pilipino (or the Coconut Palace) where he invented numerous coconut product finishes, internationally awarded Aman Pulo Resort with its deconstructed “bahay kubos” style, and the San Miguel Building with its rice terrace–like green balconies and “tukod” inwardly slanting windows, a perfect example of sustainable architecture.
Resil Mojares, National Artist for Literature
An educator, scholar, essayist and fictionist, and cultural/literary historian, Mojares is one of the leading figures in regional literature and history.
As founding director of the Cebuano Studies Center, an important research institution which placed Cebu in the research and documentation map, he pioneered Cebuano and national identity formation. As a leading figure in cultural and literary history, he networked actively in many organizations.
For over 50 years, Mojares has published in diverse literary forms (fiction, essay, journalism, scholarly articles, and books) across a wide range of discipline (literature, history, biography, cultural studies, and others). To date, he has 17 published books (three more in the press) and edited, co-edited, or co-authored 11 books, and written numerous articles for popular and scholarly publications.
Ramon Muzones, National Artist for Literature
A posthumous awardee, Muzones was a Hiligaynon poet, essayist, short story writer, critic, grammarian, editor, lexicographer, and novelist who authored an unprecedented 61 completed novels.
Hailed by his peers as the longest reigning (1938-1972) among “the three kings of the Hiligaynon novel,” Muzones brought about its most radical changes while ushering in modernism. With a literary career that spanned 53 years (1938-1990), his evolution covers the whole history of the Hiligaynon novel from its rise in the 1940s to its decline in the 1970s.
Muzones tried his hand at a variety of types and proved adept in all as literary fashions. In the process, he not only extended with remarkable versatility and inventiveness the scope and style of the Hiligaynon novel, he enriched Hiligaynon literature’s dramatis personae.
The selection for the new National Artists, jointly administer by the Cultural Center of the Philippines and the National Commission for Culture and the Arts, began after the call for nominations on June 2017. A council of experts conducted the initial deliberation and shortlisted the nominees. The second deliberation by a Jury of experts further evaluated the nominees and their body of works.
After which, the Jury submitted their recommendations to the boards of the CCP and the NCCA. Joined by current and living National Artists, the boards voted on the final nominees, which they recommended to the President.
The Office of the President’s Honors Committee reviewed the final list before transmitting to the President, who has the prerogative to affirm all or just some of the recommended names, but he is not allowed to add to what has been submitted by the NCCA and the CCP.
is a former dyarista, now digitista who has been writing whenever the tides, the winds, the earth take her somewhere familiar, somewhere new.